Estructura productiva y desigualdad salarial: evidencia para América Latina

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Matías Ciaschi
Luciana Galeano
Leonardo Gasparini

Resumen

Este trabajo estudia la evolución de las brechas salariales por nivel educativo y su relación con la estructura productiva en 16 países de América Latina, con base en microdatos de encuestas de hogares e información de cuentas nacionales en el periodo de 1991 a 2015. La evidencia sugiere que el cambio en la estructura productiva está correlacionado estrechamente con la dinámica de la desigualdad salarial en la región. En particular, cuando crece la participación en el valor agregado de los sectores más intensivos en trabajo calificado, aumentan significativamente las brechas salariales por educación.

Palabras clave:
desigualdad, brecha salarial, estructura productiva, América Latina

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